37 databases in Hong Kong
HKLII has been accessed 12,101,065 times since 11 November 2011 (5,655 times today)
Welcome to HKLII
HKLII is a project of Law & Technology Centre, a centre jointly established by Department of Computer Science and Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong. HKLII has obtained the kind assistance of the Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII) in its development. With a view to promoting and supporting the rule of law in Hong Kong, HKLII is a free, independent, non-profit Internet facility providing the public with legal information relating to Hong Kong. HKLII supports and participates in the free access to law movement.
News and Database Additions
Hong Kong Treaty Series
Hong Kong Treaty Series has been launched on HKLII. This is an electronically searchable database containing full text of (1) arrangements with the Macao SAR, (2) arrangements with the Mainland China, (3) bilateral agreements and (4) treaties that are applicable to Hong Kong. Hong Kong Treaty Series is a knowledge exchange project of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) conducted by the HKLII team with the financial support from the HKU Knowledge Exchange Fund.
To collect feedback on the database, you are invited to take a short anonymous survey.
Neutral Citations Officially Adopted by the Judiciary with Effect from 1 January 2018
In accordance with the Practice Direction 5.5, issued on 1 December 2017, official neutral citations will be used by the Judiciary for all Hong Kong judgments delivered after 1 January 2018. Official neutral citations have to be cited for judgments delivered after that date in the following format:
[Year] Court Abbreviation Number (e.g.  HKDC 12)
Year refers to the year of the written delivery of judgment;
Court abbreviation stands for the court in which the case was heard;
Number indicates the running number starting from 1.
HKLII will follow the Judiciary’s neutral citations and cease to assign HKLII’s neutral citations to judgments. The court abbreviations used by HKLII for judgments delivered before 1 January 2018 have been revised to follow the Judiciary’s court abbreviations, which are as follows:
Court HKLII’s original abbreviation Judiciary’s abbreviation Court of Final Appeal HKCFA HKCFA Court of Appeal HKCA HKCA Court of First Instance HKCFI HKCFI Competition Tribunal HKCT HKCT District Court HKDC HKDC Family Court HKFAMC HKFC Lands Tribunal HKLDT HKLdT Magistracies HKMC HKMagC Labour Tribunal HKLBT HKLaT Small Claims Tribunal HKSCTC HKSCT Obscene Articles Tribunal HKOAT HKOAT Coroner’s Court HKCCDI HKCrC
Please refer to Practice Direction 5.5 regarding the adoption of neutral citations.
HKLII has launched a new advanced search page in which users can now input keywords in as many fields as possible to do fine searches.
A comparison feature for legislation has been launched. This new feature shows the changes between any two versions of the same Ordinance/Regulation/Instrument. For example, it can show the old and current versions of s. 25 of the Defamation Ordinance.
The autocomplete feature is now available in the simple search and advanced search page. This feature is applied to searching cases and legislation. In the simple search, when the first few letters of the first party name or legislation name are typed, the search engine will look up titles of cases and legislation to provide suggestions. In the advanced search, the feature is available for the fields of citation, case name, legislation name, document title, coram of judgment, parties representation and charge.
The appeal history feature is now available in HKLII. The following citations are included in the appeal history page of HKLII: (1) HKLII neutral citation; (2) HKLRD citation that has already been put in HKLII, but not yet in Judiciary’s website; and (3) HKC citation. The link to appeal history can be found in the menu bar above case names of any cases which have appeal history.
Last updated 1 April 2020
HKLII participates in the free access to law movement, a grouping of the following organisations: